Cases of vesicular stomatitis virus in Uintah, Emery County result in quarantines
Uintah and Emery counties have confirmed vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) animals and placed them under quarantine.
The Indiana-type cases identified by the Utah Department of Agriculture and Food are:
- 1 is now quarantined in Emery County,
- 2 quarantined in Uintah County,
- 4 other premises in Uintah County quarantined and investigated.
UDAF stated on its website:
VSV is a viral disease that mainly affects horses and cattle and occasionally pigs, sheep, goats, llamas and alpacas. Humans can also become infected with the disease when dealing with affected animals, but this is rare.
In affected livestock, the incubation period for vesicular stomatitis is 2 to 8 days. Often, excessive salivation is the first sign of the disease.
Other symptoms are:
- Blanched and raised vesicles or blister-like lesions on the inside of the lips, gums, tongue, and / or toothpaste.
- Blister-like lesions on the lips, nostrils, coronary ligament, foreskin, vulva, and teats.
- Blisters that swell and break causing oral pain and discomfort,
- Reluctance to eat or drink.
- Lameness and severe weight loss can ensue.
There is no specific treatment or cure for VSV or how the virus is spread. Good hygiene and quarantine practices in the affected establishments usually contain the infection. If a clear diagnosis is made in a company, the UDAF recommends the following procedure:
- Separate animals with lesions from healthy animals, preferably by keeping them in a stable. Pasture animals tend to be more likely to be affected by this disease.
- As a precaution, animals should be removed from spaces with vesicular stomatitis no earlier than 14 days after the lesions have healed in the last affected animal.
- Implement insect control programs on the farm that include eliminating or reducing insect breeding areas and using insecticide sprays or insecticide-treated ear tags on animals.
- When handling affected animals, take personal protection measures to avoid human exposure to this disease.
Veterinarians and ranchers who suspect an animal may have VSV or other vesicular disease should immediately contact State Veterinary at 801-538-7162 or USDA APHIS Veterinary Services at 801-524-5010.